Best Dachshund Training

Can you honestly argue against Dachshunds being one of the cutest dog breeds around? Unfortunately when it comes down to it, Dachshund training is an entirely different matter altogether as these cute little hot dog shaped pets are actually quite ornery. But, do they really require special training to make sure their attitude remains under control? Let’s take a closer look.

What Makes Dachshunds Different

Dachshund training is not easy. They require a lot of patience as these little guys are among the more stubborn, independent breeds you’ll encounter. They like to make their own decisions, go for what they want, and they are incredibly patient in waiting you out to get it.

The first thing you should remember and constantly repeat to yourself is that your Dachshund, no matter how cute he is, is still a dog – an animal that needs to be treated properly. The second you start treating your dog like a little person or giving him the privileges that comes with that small size, you lose the upper hand in your training.

Keep in mind that if you neglect to train your Dachshund, you’re actually putting him at risk. With that strong personality and fiery will, they can easily get themselves into trouble. And their little backs can be at risk if they climb on things or jump too much – both trainable behaviours.

The Fundamentals of Dachshund Training

To start with, make sure you start young and get your Dachshund as much exercise as possible from an early age. Yes, Dachshunds are small dogs, but they are bred as hunting dogs that dig out vermin. They have a lot of energy and when they don’t get the chance to use that energy, it will come back to haunt your household.

If your Dachshund has the exercise he needs, the training process will be much easier. But, it still needs to be firm and carefully planned.

Short Sessions – Dachshund training should be done in short 5 minute sessions. Once they decide they don’t want to listen to you, it can be hard to break through, so you want to get as much done as possible before they have a chance to consider whether they want to follow along.

Basics online – A Dachshund should be trained in basics like “sit”, “stay” and especially “down”. Dachshunds have severe limitations on how they can jump or climb. Carry them up and down stairs and don’t let them jump on furniture. Teach them early that these are not allowed.

Clicker Training – Dachshund training works especially well in conjunction with a clicker. Dachshunds do not have fantastic hearing, but they do respond well to sharp, single sounds and clicker training can be done in short bursts that fit their attention span well.

Rewards – Punishing a Dachshund is not very effective due to their strong will. They will grow stubborn and possibly aggressive with excessive punishment. Alternatively, use positive reinforcement to reward good behaviours. Dachshunds love physical attention as well as treats as rewards for good behaviour.

Dachshund training is a trying experience. It takes time, energy and a great deal of patience on your part. Most of all, don’t let your cute little puppy get the better of you. The second you give in to him, you lose the battle and it can be hard to regain that ground as the dog grows older.

Learn more about dogs behavior problems. Stop by Annette Lode’s site where you can find out all about dog training advice as well as how to stop bad dog behavior and what it can do for you.

Posted under Small Dog Training

This post was written by assistant on October 13, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Unsafe Dog Treats

What pooch doesn’t love obtaining a treat or two occasionally. Pet owners also love giving their dog’s treats. For those who have your dog, then you’ve got a wise decision of what your pet loves to nibble on. There are plenty of treats available nowadays plus they all are available in various different shapes, sizes, colors, and consistencies. For each great dog treat, you will find those available on the market that aren’t so great. These treats damages your dog when you are lodged inside your dog’s throat or intestines. This may cause choking or worse. If you value your canine friend, then you will need to be familiar with those treats that may be possibly damaging. Despite treats that aren’t usually unsafe, you have to supervise your pet once they eat.

Greenies: Most dogs enjoy these treats. They’re advertised like a treats which help clean your dog’s teeth. However, you have to be conscious of “greenies” may cause choking. The reason being dogs eat these quickly causes large chunks to lodge within the throat. Young puppies shouldn’t eat this treat and dogs that are susceptible to “scarfing” food. In case your dog eats these treats, be familiar with potential vomiting, bloody stools, and difficulty breathing. If you see these symptoms after your pet has eaten this treat, seek medical assistance.

Rawhide Chews: What dog doesn’t love snacking on these chewy treats? Rawhides are great since it cleans your dog’s teeth and keeps your pet occupied. However, rawhides are harmful, too. Some rawhides that originate outside the Usa might actually be preserved with arsenic-based chemicals that’ll be ingested by your doggie when she or he chews. Because of this, make sure that any rawhide treat you buy is processed in the usa where this preservative is forbidden. If you fail to tell the place where a treat originated don’t buy it! Additionally, you’ll still have to be careful about your dog when he her she’s eating rawhides to assist prevent choking. Be sure you buy rawhides which are the best size for the dog, too. A little dog needs small sized rawhide treats.

Chocolate: Chocolate is really a terrible thing to permit dogs to consume. Obviously, sometimes dogs enter candy and cake without you knowing. Chocolate is toxic to both cats and dogs, so you have to be conscious of your pet sneaking chocolate nibbles, especially round the holidays. Chocolate contains an ingredient called theobromine. This acts within the canine comparable way caffeine acts within the human. Just a little can make the doggie hyperactive, but an enormous dose might be fatal. In case your dog has got into chocolate, you have to search for vomiting, shallow breathing, and irregular heartbeat. A trip to the emergency vet unusually results.

Bones: It would appear that it’s the right of each and every dog every single child crunch on the real bone every once in awhile. Dogs love bones of types. However, some bones could be harmful. Both chicken and turkey bones are specifically unsafe since they’re brittle. When your pet chews about the, they are able to easily splinter and cause choking. Some pork and beef bones may also make the frequent problem. Veterinarians agree how the among the safest bones you are able to give your pet is really a shinbone. Should you must give your pet a bone, be sure you supervise your pooch and if they shows signs of bleeding, then you definitely should call a veterinarian immediately for many advice.

This isn’t to express that you simply cannot give your pet an intermittent treat. That is among the fun areas of owning your dog. You need to be careful about your dog and ensure that the dog is safe when snacking. Always focus on what type of treat you allow your pet in the event of a recall.

Learn more about dog training advice. Stop by Annette Lode’s site where you can find out all about how to stop bad dog behavior as well as dogs behavior problems and what it can do for you.

Posted under Small Dog Training

This post was written by assistant on October 13, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Vital Pieces Of Dwelling Canine Coaching And Ideas

The methods of coaching canines are actually good and quite simple, however will also be a bit bit frustrating for someone who needs to coach a canine for the first time. The problem is that the environment must be clear before one starts to train a dog.

Additionally, there’s the necessity for absolute endurance and dedication. There are various techniques of dog coaching ideas which could assist make the time you make investments in your pets enjoyable.

The first tip of choosing somewhat to your pet ought to be single. Additionally you may determine on figuring out that your puppy can simply identify amongst other puppies. One might also need to use his identification as a possible type when start coaching, on this way your dog will change into conversant in you.

Some canine coaching suggestions could inform you to coach your pets for hours everyday; it’s not good at all. It only requires around 30minuts within your time a day to appropriately practice your puppy. It’s a must to be constant in the schooling of the puppy, which ever approach at any particular time. Use the identical word each time and your canine will change into used to it.

It’s simply as different animals beings utilized to particular locations in their existence, the same system can be adopted at every level in time. By the time you feed your pet at a sure time on a regular basis they may develop to be used to this routine.

We should always bear it in thoughts that rewarding the pet is sort of certainly the number a person inspiration to obedience of all the canine training suggestions when carried out within the right manner, your dog can research just about anything cheap acomplia in a brief period of time, these are simply several of the numerous dog training tips. Find more other FREE info about dog pounds, poodle dogs and dog cages

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on September 22, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Vital Pieces Of Jack Russell Suggestions

Canines are additionally individuals and every is completely different and distinctive, but the Jack Russell breed is probably one of the vital vital in terms of personality. This dog could also be petite, nevertheless it seems to should idea of its personal dimension and can trigger fairly some trouble.

It’s this nearly unmanageable attribute of the JR that made it fairly reputed among the many many canine breeds. And though these traits may be quite troublesome, a correct {and professional} approach could make this canine probably the greatest companions.

These characteristics that may must be formed and mended include bossiness, aggressive tendency in direction of other animals including dogs, and virtually bottomless energy. So that will help you shape these personality traits, the next suggestions can be of use:

Tip One: Avoid Having Pets Different Than Him
Jack Russells are great companions, however not with different dogs. With professional help and proper method however, co-existing with other canines might change into possible. Nevertheless, there may be nonetheless a risk of strife afterward in the future. It is because Jack Russells are bossy by nature and will attempt to be the Alpha.

Tip {Two}: Make Use Of His Good Nature
These canines are sensible, and sensible dogs are very suitable and attentive to training. So being one of many smartest dogs, the Jack Russells quite unruly persona will be shaped through efficient dog training. This may make him more obedient and extra sociable.

Tip Three: Apply Proper Quantity Of Strictness
Good canines just like the JR could be quite mischievous and will attempt to test the patience of their proprietor or trainer. Therefore, you will need to reaffirm to your canine who’s boss. Always keep in mind that you ought to be accountable for your dog and not the opposite means around. When giving disciplinary action of when correcting, you need to be firm and stern.

Tip Four: Puppy Coaching
As already talked about, Jack Russells have quite a strong personality. And because it’s tough to shape the attitude of grownup dogs, it is at all times finest to begin while they are nonetheless puppies. Younger canines may be feistier however they will soak up more from training and exercise.

Tip 5: Keep Your Eyes On Him
It is true that coaching and exercise can do so a lot to assist form the personality of your canine, however it might probably only achieve this much to suppress his natural instincts. Due to this fact, it’s still finest to maintain watch of your Jack Russell, particularly the tendencies which this breed is generally known for.

So that about covers up everything. At all times hold these Jack Russell Ideas in mind and things will likely be so much easier. Just remember that your dog can also be a person, so you’ll need to treat him with further care. Read more other helpful articles about dog weight, pregnant dogs and small puppies

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on September 10, 2010

Tags: , , ,

About Getting Rid Of Fleas In Your Home

A flea is a small brown-coloured insect concerning the measurement of a pinhead. Their essential goal in life is to feed on blood and lay eggs. Most fleas live round one hundred days and can produce over four hundred eggs. They get around by crawling and jumping. These small bugs can soar over eight-inches high.

Fleas will live on or close to areas the place pets frequent. They love gentle carpeting and furniture. Fleas additionally dwell in the cracks of flooring and behind baseboards. Most of the time they’re feeding from the warm-blooded animal and any human that is shut sufficient for them to leap on.

Moreover the itchy bits they trigger; fleas also transmit illnesses and tapeworms, eliminating fleas in your own home should be a priority.

The very first thing you need to do is get them off of your pet. This may be accomplished through the use of chemicals from your vet or you can also use natural products like diatomaceous earth and cedar oil. If you’re utilizing a product that’s applied to their bodies, it ought to be achieved outside.

As soon as the pet has been treated, it’s time to vacuum the carpets. Remove the vacuum bag from the house as soon as you are achieved vacuuming as fleas can live and hatch eggs from inside the bag. Till all signs of the fleas are gone, you should vacuum no less than twice per day.

Now you need to deal with the flooring and any mushy furniture you have. This may be accomplished by spraying the chemical of your alternative over the realm or in case you are using diatomaceous earth, you’ll sprinkle it across the areas of concern. Once it’s sprinkled, depart it lay for at the very least in the future (as long as there may be not kids current), then you will vacuum it up. It should also be sprinkled onto hardwood flooring and swept up with a broom. It will trigger the DE to get into the cracks and crevices where they might be living. Diatomaceous earth works by cutting into their our bodies and absorbing their fluids. In case you use cedar oil, the pet will need dipped and a superb mist applied to the areas of infestation.

You also needs to plan on repeating all of the processes every 3-5 days for about three weeks to make sure any fleas that hatch from eggs will likely be killed before they can eat and lay extra eggs.

It’s also beneficial to deal with your pet once per month to maintain fleas from re-infesting your house. Read more other useful info about dog obedience school, dog obedience training methods and jobs in dog training

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on September 8, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Is A German Shepherd For You?

Choosing the proper pet for your loved ones takes loads of planning and adjusting indoor layouts that will puppy proof your home. When searching for the ideal German Shepherd most breeders and other house owners imagine temperament is the key.

They have a balanced temperament which permits them to face any scenario, with their enhanced coping skills they will pretty much deal with something and their function in the household – companionship, working, herding.

German Shepherd’s are very lively canine and do require walking especially if residing indoors. They are extraordinarily loyal and protective of their family. As a new proprietor and as part of their coaching they should be taught their place throughout the family. Kids shouldn’t smack or yell at them however how they should deal with them appropriately. Their life expectancy is about 12 – 14 years, so taking one on as a pet shouldn’t be taken lightly.

They make great pets and love spending time with their family. Being extremely smart, they like to work and please their owner. While they are not hugely affectionate, particularly meeting new folks, they should be approached slowly. German Shepherds wish to get to know strangers regularly so as to build trust with them.

These dog breeds make nice guard dogs and have been used in police work. This is due to their fearlessness, confident, calm, and direct. As a family pet they are going to take pleasure in such activities and games like, agility, flyball, obedience and tracking. Avoid teasing video games like tug of warfare as they might turn into more aggressive. Daily exercise and coaching is essential, as without it they might become lazy and harmful in behavior.

Be sure to research proudly owning this pet, seeing the dad and mom and getting to know them might help you make an knowledgeable choice based around their temperament, health and blood lines. This may choose up any health points to concentrate on, or to avoid. Pay attention to shy or nervous pups; keep away from them at all prices as they could grow to be dangerous.

As with most dog breeds they may have genetic or health problems. A few of these diseases embody: epilepsy, allergic reactions, blood disorders, digestive problems, in addition to hip and elbow dysplasia.

So when choosing a pet for your loved ones, take into consideration whether or not a German Shepherd is true for you. They do require lots of time energy and effort, but with the best training you will have an amazing family pet you all will get pleasure from for years to come. Find more other helpful articles about electronic dog collars, miniature dogs and dog pounds

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on September 6, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Major Health Issues Of Golden Retrievers

health problems. Most of those health issues are congenital and delayed, that suggests that that they pass away from parent to offspring, and they’ll be adults before the first symptoms show up. Here are some of the most common health issues you would like to watch out for:

1. Elbow Dysplasia: This is a standard disease in backyard bred or improperly bred Golden Retrievers. The bones of the elbow haven’t grown properly, causing the joint to become loose. Golden Retrievers that suffer from elbow dysplasia are littered with arthritis, that can cause great pain and discomfort to the dog. In severe cases, the bone can truly fracture or dislocate. The disease has no cure, and treatment is each expensive and painful as a result of it needs surgery to the tendons affected, and continuous intake of medicines like painkillers and anti inflammatory drugs.

2. Canine Hip Dysplasia or CHD: The identical type as elbow dysplasia, only this time, it happens in the hip as a result of there’s a misfit between the femur and the pelvic socket. Canine Hip Dysplasia will be very painful and detrimental to the dog as a result of she cannot walk properly. In severe cases, the dog in unable to walk or move at all. What is worse is that CHD will be asymptomatic, so you would not know that there’s anything wrong with your dog till it is too late. Again, treatment would be expensive and painful as a result of they conjointly have the same treatment as elbow dysplasia.

3. Cataracts: A condition wherein the iris of the eyes slowly turn white and cloudy. It affects the vision of the Golden Retriever, and in the most severe cases, renders the dog totally blind. While most typical in older dogs, cases are recorded of younger dogs having this condition. This is termed as “juvenile cataracts”. You can cure this condition with eye surgery in younger dogs, but, for older and more feeble dogs, the surgery could sway be too dangerous.

4. Entropion and Trichiasis: Each are conditions of the attention resulting in eye irritation, and sometimes, scratching of the cornea. For entropion, the eyelids of the Golden Retriever are inverted, and that they roll inwards into the eye. In Trichiasis, but, the eyelashes of the dog are curved and hits the eyes. Each are correctible easily. You’ll be able to choose surgery, that may be a low-risk procedure for this health problem.

5. Subvalvular aortic stenosis or SAS: SAS could be a very serious condition that affects the heart of your Golden Retriever. The left ventricle and the aorta don’t allow correct blood flow, which will and does cause heart failure. While it can be treated, it carries a nice risk for the dog.

The good news is, most of those diseases can be detected even before symptoms set in. Consult your local veterinarian about that tests would be acceptable for your dog. If you are able to detect them before they show up in your dog, it’s a reasonably sensible probability of recovery! Read more other FREE articles about dog collar citronella, obedience training for dog and obedience school dog

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on August 4, 2010

Tags: , , ,

The Accountability Of Bringing House A New Puppy

So, you desire a pet! That’s a beautiful thought, and a new puppy (or totally grown adult dog) generally is a perfect addition to a new household.

Take into accout though, that canines are a handful, and so they require lots of attention. These wants do not go away once they grow up, or if they’re already grown up once you get them, like what happens with kids. I’m not saying children do not still want attention after they’re grown, I am simply stating that the pet won’t start paying its personal medical payments when it grows up, which is what most kids have to do, particularly once they’re out of their guardian’s house. Alternatively, a puppy won’t move away, like most youngsters do, so there’s an upside.

To the tip that many individuals don’t think about simply how much work a puppy is, some of those tasks are listed right here, on the threat of you deciding you don’t want a pet after all.

Deciding on a breed is one thing that many individuals do not consider when they are on a seek for a dog. In fact, lots of people decide they need a dog, after which take a look at how every breed seems to be physically to resolve which breed they want. Appears is an okay factor to look at, nevertheless it needs to be secondary to breed temperament and exercise degree decisions. A excessive-activity dog in an apartment advanced is not essentially a superb idea.

Puppies (or older canines) have is the adoption payment, or the associated fee from the breeder of a pure-bred litter. That, to most people, is a no-brainer. There is also a value in case you find a puppy on the road, though. The very first of those prices is straight away taking the found canine to a vet to check them over, and make sure they do not have a microchip. Microchips are very common now, so a canine with no collar can nonetheless have a registered owner that can be found.

Once you buy or adopt them, you have to purchase the entire miscellaneous provides that goes with a dog – leash, collar, food bowl, water bowl, treats, meals, toys, crate (if most well-liked), shampoo for baths, dog waste bags for walks, portable water bowls for long walks or journeys across the metropolis, and some other miscellaneous stuff that the puppy needs.

The subsequent level is setting your pet up for medical care. Many veterinary practices provide month-to-month plans that embrace vaccinations, rabies, and normal checkups. Monthly plans usually also have discounts on surgeries (resembling spaying or neutering), medical assessments, and prescriptions. Different workplaces do it on a go to-by-go to basis. You need all of those issues talked about above, whether you are on a monthly plan or a visit-by-visit plan.

Coaching is also an necessary part of getting a brand new puppy. If the puppy is little and actually cute when it does one thing harmful (reminiscent of biting) and also you allow them to get away with it, it will not be little and cute when it grows as much as be a 60lb monster that bites people. This doesn’t at all times occur in case you do not train your dog, however it could. Coaching is essential.

Training is usually regarded as being things like “sit”, “keep”, “down”, “come”, and many others, so home training will probably be put down right here on this section. House training is necessary, and could be a big responsibility for those who occur to find a pet who’s resistant to the entire idea.

Puppies can not maintain it for quite a lot of hours, especially once they’re really young. Additionally they want loads of stimulation, especially if they’re the one dog in the house. Which means that you must discover the time to be home with them (and play with them if you find yourself house) a frequent intervals. It is very important for their growth to have a variety of human contact, a lot of walks, and (after they are vaccinated) to be round other folks, youngsters, canines, and small mammals.

Dogs are wonderful animals, and they’re an exquisite addition to many homes and families. Nevertheless, many people ought to (and do not) consider their wants when a dog is introduced into a new house, whether or not puppy or adult. Take the information above as a suggestion when considering bringing a brand new dog into the house. If the entire above are carried out properly, you’ll have an amazing new member of your family. Simply needless to say it’s plenty of work.

=> Morgan Clemens presently owns and runs “The Mutt Squad, LLC”, a enterprise that gives pet sitting, canine strolling, and canine socialization services to Phoenix, AZ, and it’s surrounding cities.

Her ardour is and at all times has been the right treatment of all animals, each wild and domestic. In keeping with her, this proper therapy consists of each mental and bodily health, and is a mandatory part of proudly owning or interacting with any animal. Find more other useful info about obedience dog school, best dog training methods and jobs in dog training

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on July 30, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Golden Retriever Tips And Care – Health Problems

Golden retriever health could be a high priority when those very little bundles of fluff return home at ten weeks. Aren’t they simply the most stunning very little pups, all fluffy and if you have tiny youngsters the delight on their little faces is priceless. There is currently a brand new family member and this tiny puppy is going to want tons of attention and heaps of love from his new family.

Make sure with puppy’s back.

When a puppy is solely ten weeks previous, and in fact for quite some months to come, they have to be handled with the utmost care. Picking up a puppy ought to continually be done by putting a hand underneath his chest and supporting his back. If a puppy is picked up by his front legs, as an example, the legs may be pulled out of place and be dislocated. His muscles haven’t developed at this stage and they may not be ready to hold the weight of the pup if lifted by his front or back legs. The same in fact, goes if the pup is lifted by its head.

These points have been said because if there’s a little toddler within the house parents typically tend to think more about the toddler being bit than regarding the injury that it may do to the dog. Toddlers may would like some coaching on a way to handle a terribly young puppy.

Common health problems.

There are a selection of basic problems that are concerned in caring for a golden retriever therefore it will be easier if I list them down:

· A good healthy diet

· Lots of exercise

· Lots of love and care from the family and in their company as abundant as potential

· Brushing a minimum of once a week or a lot of during the shedding season

· Regular bathing

· Possible neutering

· Vaccinations – visit your vet and obtain the desired vaccinations

· Parasite control – fleas, ticks, mange, internal parasites, giardia, hookworm, ringworm, roundworm, tapeworm and whipworm

· Eye issues

· General health problems like cancer that is common in dogs

· Heart disease

· An annual health check up by a vet

· Allergies

I apprehend this list looks long and I agree, it’s, but unfortunately everything desires to be taken into consideration, but several of the problems will be avoided or controlled fairly easily.

Owning any pet requires a bound amount of parental care however as a rule it means setting up a schedule and being observant. The foremost important usual activities that need to require place for the golden retriever’s health could be a well balanced diet, exercise every day and an intensive weekly brushing with other grooming details attended to when necessary. Find more other FREE info about training collars for dogs, service dog training and guard dog training

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on July 5, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Useful Articles About Eye Infections In Dogs – Share This Info

Eye infections are a typical downside with dogs, simply like with humans, a dog’s eyes are quite sensitive and delicate. Natural defenses like eyelashes, tears, and eyelids don’t seem to be always enough to safeguard a dog’s eyes from dirt, dust and ultimately infection. Once during a whereas intervention is required to keep a dog’s eyes functioning properly.

A typical eye infection in dogs it conjunctivitis, it happens in a very half of the eye called the conjunctiva, hence the name. The conjunctiva may be a skinny membrane that protects the visible portion of the eye. When a dog has conjunctivitis, his eyes can be very dry and red. In additional advanced cases, the eyes become inflamed and a thick exudate seems on the surface of the eyes; at now, the dog will have difficulty gap his eyes. Conjunctivitis is definitely treated with an ointment that most vets keep handy.

Long hair could be adorable on a dog, however it can conjointly cause downside for the dog as way as vision is concerned. It will conjointly be a cause for frequent eye irritation and infection. Make positive you carefully trim the hair around your dog’s eyes every now and then; you should also check your dog’s eyes for foreign objects once in a while.

Like humans, dogs can also suffer from cataracts. Cataracts could be a condition wherein the lens of the dog’s eye starts to become clouded. This condition will persist until the lens becomes opaque, effectively blinding the eye. There are ways that to arrest the deterioration, and surgery can be done to get rid of the clouding, but, both are temporary, the cataracts will straightforward grow back.

Another common malady that affects dogs’ eyes is Epiphora. This is characterized by a lot of tearing; the condition has been known to cause corneal ulcerations. Epiphora is actually a disease that’s characterised by leaking lachrymal fluid.

But doing a daily ocular inspection of your dog’s eyes, you’ll be able to do additional thorough checks once a week. This could permit you to detect any potential issues at their early onset. Clean the skin near your dog’s eyes frequently with thread-less cotton wool, dipped in warm water. You want to remove any dirt and mucus. Checkout more other helpful information about dog training certification, gun dog supply and life’s abundance dog food

Posted under Miscellaneous Content

This post was written by Noel DCosta on July 1, 2010

Tags: , , ,

Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional